A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, is a serious medical emergency that occurs when the blood flow to the heart is blocked, causing the heart muscle to become damaged or die. Heart attacks can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention.
There are a number of factors that can increase your risk of having a heart attack, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle. Other risk factors include diabetes, a family history of heart disease, and advanced age.
To reduce your risk of having a heart attack, it’s important to adopt a healthy lifestyle. This can include:
- Eating a healthy diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and low in saturated and trans fats
- Exercising regularly
- Not smoking
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Getting enough sleep
- Reducing stress
It’s also important to manage any underlying health conditions, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, through medication and lifestyle changes.
If you experience symptoms of a heart attack, such as chest pain, shortness of breath, and nausea, call 102 or seek emergency medical attention immediately. The earlier you receive treatment, the better your chances of survival and recovery.
By taking care of your heart health, you can reduce your risk of having a heart attack and improve your overall well-being.